The Guardian: Decentralized Web Or There Will Be No Intermediaries to Connect Us

The Guardian: Decentralized Web Or There Will Be No Intermediaries to Connect Us

The Guardian air views the idea of the so-called decentralised web — or DWeb — in communication without having to rely on big tech firms, shows how it works and when people will have an access to it.

What is the decentralised web and its advantage?

The DWeb is about re-decentralising things — users keep control of their data and connect and interact and exchange messages directly with others in their network.

With the current web, all user data concentrated in the hands of a few creates risk that the data will be hacked. Moreover, governments can conduct surveillance and impose censorship. The DWeb, say proponents, promises control and privacy, and things can’t all of a sudden disappear because someone decides they should.

Working principles

  • Peer-to-peer connectivity, where the computer not only requests services but provides them
  • DWeb protocols use links that identify information based on its content

How DWeb is connected to blockchain?

Blockchain technology is now finding application in the development of the DWeb including recording the movement of data, registering unique user names and even data storage. There are also cryptocurrencies themselves being deployed to help create the DWeb, such as Filecoin by Protocol Labs.

How DWeb can change the world?

  • Direct payments, such as micropayments based on cryptocurrency
  • Most passwords could dissapear, user will have one unique password. Unfortuntely, if you lose password, you will lose access to everything.

How to sign up to DWeb?

The decentralised web isn’t quite here yet. But there are apps and programs built on the decentralised model including OpenBazaar (a decentralised marketplace), Graphite Docs (a Google documents alternative), Matrix (which provides Slack and WhatsApp alternatives) and etc. Social network alternatives include Akasha and Diaspora.

Possible issues

  • There is the potential for online harassment and hate speech to increase

Censorship — both by good people and bad — is going to be harder. And if information is stored in a decentralised way, how do you ever truly get rid of information you no longer want to have online? That could be a concern for the European 'right to be forgotten'

Brewster Kahle, the founder of the Internet Archive

  • DWeb might also offer a shield to criminals, for example distributors of child abuse images.
  • Technical issues with building and the way to attract people to use it
  • Speed
  • Governance issue

There are going to be a lot of forces for the status quo. The DWeb is new and burgeoning, but it also isn’t inevitable.

Brewster Kahle, the founder of the Internet Archive

Although the idea of the decentralised web is not a brand-new, lately a lot of influencers have publicly spoken about it. Recently, the Internet issue was discussed by Gavin Wood, the founder of Parity Technologies, a Polkadot developer and a co-founder of Ethereum.

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The Guardian Publishes Opinion Piece Claiming Bitcoin is Hurting The Planet, But Here’s the Truth

The Guardian, one of the most respected media outlets of the world, has decided to publish quite a controversial op-ed article today. The controversy? The article’s writer, Ethan Lou, claims that Bitcoin is killing the planet. Think we’re exaggerating? You can read it here and its title is literally that Bitcoin is killing it. This man, Ethan Lou, has never published in The Guardian before, so you can see he’s just guest posting there. He presents himself as an early Bitcoin miner and someone who worked in the oil industry before as a way to get some legitimacy in affirming that there are parallels between the two industries and that Bitcoin is going to cause harm to the world. He believes that Bitcoin will be as big as oil one day and that this will create a great environmental hazard. He compares Bitcoin and oil to explain that both industries use a lot of electric energy and that they keep needing more and more energy. The former journalist who wrote the article has covered the oil industry in the past and has also invested in Bitcoin. For fairness, you should actually read his arguments against Bitcoin if you want to, but the point is that some of the comparisons are far-fetched because these are two very different industries. According to the writer, the main problem is basically divided into two questions: there is an arms race to get all Bitcoin before it is mined and mining expends a lot of energy. Both these things are true and, in fact, there is no way to sugarcoat the fact that, yes, Bitcoin is very energy expensive. However, does this mean that it is “killing the planet”? Is Bitcoin Killing The Planet? No, Don’t Believe In Clickbait Articles Nope, it is not. Predatory mining may have spent a lot of energy, but most predictions do not show that Bitcoin will spend all the energy in the world or something like that. In fact, it will be just another factor. There is one clear message here: don’t believe stupid clickbait articles. The truth is never so simple as to whether Bitcoin will kill the world or not. Bitcoin could help to make some damage and it could help to create beautiful things but we, as a society, are the ones killing the environment. It is not a single scapegoat that will pollute everything, it is our whole system of using everything until there’s nothing left. The truth is far from being beautiful as to whether Bitcoin is awesome and does not spend any energy (it does) or that Bitcoin is the Devil itself. It isn’t. The future is hard to predict and blaming is easy, what is actually hard is to acknowledge that it is our whole wide system and way of life that is slowly depleting the world. As the prices of renewable energy like solar energy are declining, there are more and more clean ways to mine. With a collective effort, we can actually make a difference but blaming something just because that is a popular opinion is just useless.
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