And why it matters…If you’re dealing in cryptocurrencies, one of the terms you’re going to hear quite often is “capitalization” or “market cap”. In today’s blog post, I’ll walk you through an easy explanation of what market cap means, and why it matters.If you go to coinmarketcap.com, you can see all the different crypto assets and what their market caps are. The market cap of a crypto asset is basically the market value of all circulating supply — added up. The circulating supply in the market, is simply the number of coins held by the buyers in the market at a given time. So to sum it up:Market Cap = Price x Circulating SupplyFrom the above function, we can therefore derive the price function which is:Price = Market Cap / Circulating SupplyTo prove this is the case, let’s take for example, the SunContract SNC token:If we take the total circulating 122,707,503 SNC tokens, and multiply it by the price which is at the time of this writing $0.040396, we will arrive at the capitalisation value shown above — $4,956,917:Current MC = 122,707,503 x $0.040396 = $4,956,917.Concurrently, we will arrive at the price:Current P = $4,956,917 /122,707,503 =$0.040396Relationship between Price, Circulating Supply and Market Cap:We’ll run through the interconnectedness of the 3 using the following examples:SNC TokenImagine that you purchased 10,000 SNC token at the current price of $0.040396. Your cost for the purchase will be:Cost = 10,000 SNC x 0.040396 = $403.96Assume that new money enters the project and the market cap rises to $10,000,000. Since SNC total supply = SNC circulating supply, the supply will never change. The new value of your 10,000 SNC will therefore be:New Price = New Market Cap / SupplyN.P = 10,000,000 / 122,707,503 = $0.08149New Investment Value = 10,000 SNC x 0.08149 = $814.9Token X (example)Now, imagine another token X whose circulating supply is different from the total supply. Let’s say the current circulating supply = 122,707,503. Token X costs exactly the same as SNC token — $0.040396. You purchase the same amount of Token X as you did SNC tokens : 10,000 Token X. Your purchase cost will be the same:Cost = 10,000 SNC x 0.040396 = $403.96Assume that new money enters the project and the market cap rises to $10,000,000 like in the example above. Also, assume, that the new circulating supply increases to 250,000,000 of Token X. The new value of your 10,000 Token X investment will now be:New Price = New Market Cap / New Circulating SupplyN.P = 10,000,000 / 250,000,000 = $0.04New Value = 10,000 SNC x $0.04 = $400Summary of Market Cap and its Importance in Crypto:Market Cap gives the whole picture as it combines both supply and price factors2. Price is dependent on circulating supply and money entering the project (market cap)3. Price becomes unaffected by circulating supply once circulating supply = total supply. At this point, only changes in market cap affect the price4. Market Cap > Price :)https://medium.com/media/3c851dac986ab6dbb2d1aaa91205a8eb/hrefUnderstanding Market Capitalization in Crypto was originally published in Hacker Noon on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.