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A proposed scaling solution to Ethereum by fragmenting the blockchain into smaller more manageable units.

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Binance Exchange Awards Zilliqa (ZIL) with Tether Trading Pair (ZIL/USDT)

Prominent crypto exchange and one of the biggest names in the crypto ecosystem Binance just announced that they will open trading for a ZIL/USDT trading pair at 2019/02/19 11:00 AM (UTC). #Binance Adds ZIL/USDT Trading Pairhttps://t.co/QMH9heztSv pic.twitter.com/KRNO3cL1YS — Binance (@binance) February 19, 2019 Zilliqa (ZIL) is the 34th biggest cryptocurrency by market cap with its current value being $0.0199 which makes its market cap $164,454,777 USD. They have a 24-hour trading volume of over $23 million. Since the announcement of the listing, ZIL has gained 10.71% on USD and 5.39% on BTC. Their Mainnet was launched on 31st January 2019. Since they launched their mainnet, the network has generated 14400+ transaction blocks and 900+ community nodes have joined. Meanwhile, the shard difficulty has reached 34 (~17 GH/s) and DS difficulty has reached 40 (~ 1100 GH/s). More About Zilliqa Zilliqa is a public blockchain platform for high-throughput applications. It brings the theory of sharding to practice with its novel protocol that increases transaction rates as its network expands. The latest experimental results demonstrate a throughput of more than 2,800 transactions per second, which is over 200 times higher than that of today's popular blockchains. In addition to its scalability, they provide a secure and efficient smart contract language called Scilla to enable security-by-design smart contract programming and verification. The Zilliqa blockchain platform is tailored towards enabling high-throughput data-driven decentralized apps, designed to meet the scaling requirements of applications in areas such as digital marketing, payment, shared economy and rights management. The underlying technology has been first incubated in a research lab at the National University of Singapore, and then developed for commercial trials, before being applied to Zilliqa’s public blockchain platform.
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Long Vuong Of Tomochain Thinks Ethereum is Doomed to Have an Uphill Battle This Year

Vitalik Buterin recently seems to be taking a lot of flak from his industry peers. Our regular readers know about the long-standing rivalry between him and Justin Sun. Now, Long Vuong, founder of TomoChain seems to have joined Sun in the feud. TomoChain (TOMO) boasts of transaction speeds of up to 1,000TPS which is remarkable when compared to Ethereum’s (ETH) double digits TPS. Justin Sun regarding the same, had said: “TRON is 80 times faster than Ethereum. With 14 years of experience, @BitTorrent is providing world-class service to 100 million users in 138 countries. Add the two together and you get the largest and most advanced peer-to-peer network in the world.” Now, Vuong added: “Most systems have trade-offs. But the Ethereum creator won’t be the one to make the call regarding which offering is trash and which offer isn’t. This will not be an easy year for Ethereum (ETH). Ethereum and its founder are in a difficult position. On one side, they are disrespected by Bitcoin’s (BTC) maximalist community, and on the other, they can’t solve their performance issues efficiently.” However, Vitalik had already addressed these criticisms earlier by saying: “Most of the time whenever a project claims it can work at 3,500TPS due to the fact that it offers a different algorithm, they are a centralized pile of trash.” TomoChain features a 150-Masternodes architecture with Proof of Stake Voting (POSV) consensus for near-zero fee and instant transaction confirmation. It supports all EVM-compatible smart-contracts, protocols, and atomic cross-chain token transfers. Scaling techniques such as sharding, EVM parallelization, private-chain generation, hardware integration will be continuously researched and integrated into TomoChain which will become an ideal scalable smart-contract public blockchain for decentralized apps, token issuance and token integration for small and big businesses.
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Vitalik Buterin Attempts To Change Narrative Regarding Constantinople Vulnerability

Vitalik Buterin, Ethereum’s co-founder dismissed rumors related to a new vulnerability related to the Constantinople hard fork. The rumors were related to a new smart contract creation feature that will be released with the next update. The discussion regarding this issue took place during an Ethereum (ETH) core developer call on February 15. This feature is known as “Create2” and it is designated as the Ethereum Improvement Proposal (EIP) 1014. This will be allowing interactions with a contract that does not exist on the blockchain. There were several developers that talked about this issue and the effects that it could potentially have on the network with a serious attack vector to the whole ecosystem. Smart contracts could be coded to change their address once they are deployed. According to developer Jeff Coleman, there is a thing regarding Create2. He mentioned that theoretically, redeployments can change the contract byte code because the address is only a commitment to the init code. He went on saying that those that will be auditing code have to be looking out for potentially “weird phenomena.” He specifically mentioned a combination of Create2 with Create1. Buterin commented about Create2: “The one thing we need to keep in mind is more for the future when thinking about rents and deletion; that’s a way that can lead to contracts being in a state to being not in a state without a self-destruct operation […]. It’s not something we need to figure out in the next few weeks, but it’s still useful to keep in mind when getting the ETH 2.0 sharding to a VM spec very soon.” At the same time, developers said that they have found an independent company for benchmark testing an ASIC-resistant proof-of-work called ProgPoW. The Constantinople hard fork is expected to take place as soon as February 27 and it will be upgrading the Ethereum network. One of the main points of this upgrade is the reduction of new issuance of Ether to the market. Each reward will be giving 2 ETH to miners. At the time of writing this article, Ethereum is the second largest digital asset in the market. It has a market cap of $12.94 and each coin can be purchased for $123.
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Ethereum Core Dev Call #55: ProgPoW audits and Vitalik’s Phase 2 updates

This week’s Ethereum core developer call was relatively light on updates. Here’s our quick notes: Looking ahead to Constantinople in ~2 weeks: The “Cat Herders” will be reaching out to miners in about a week to ensure a smooth transition on node upgrades ahead of the delayed Constantinople fork. Report of new bugs/create2 delays in Constantinople were false: Constantinople is not rescheduled, and no further bugs in the code going into the upgrade have been found since the original delay. On the topic of Create2, Vitalik added, “something to keep in mind for the future, when thinking about rent and deletion, that can lead to contracts not being in state changes…not something we need to figure out in the next few weeks. But it’s useful to keep in mind when getting the ETH 2.0 sharding to a VM spec very soon.” Update on ProgPoW audit: Devs have found a company for benchmark testing whether performance boost impacts AMD/NVDIA cards to see if ProgPoW works. However, having trouble finding an impartial auditor to determine how long ProgPoW ASIC resistance will actually last, given experts that could offer an opinion have potential conflicts of interest because they’re looking into ProgPoW mining themselves. Istanbul hard fork roadmap: Nothing has changed here, the group agreed the one month Constantinople delay shouldn’t impact timing of other forks, and are proceeded as is. Research updates: Phase 0 is well into refinement, Vitalik is now starting phase 1 research which includes sharding of data and not computation. Vitalik noted Phase 1 is actually fairly simply outside of specifying “full proof of custody game.” He suggested running Phase 1 and Phase 2 research in parallel to speed up roadmap, adding, “we should not fall into the mindset in thinking step-wise /non-parallel work on these phases.. because if we do things will really take until 202x or whatever the trolls are saying.” Concluding by declaring his intention to reach out to a lot of 1.X people to solicit feedback on what an ERC20 replacement would look like on top of whatever phase 2 ends up shaping into. The post Ethereum Core Dev Call #55: ProgPoW audits and Vitalik’s Phase 2 updates appeared first on The Block.
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What is Ethereum 2.0? We Reveal its Unclear, Uncertain, Yet Promising Future

For the past few months, Ethereum 2.0 has been a hot topic in the crypto space. People are patiently waiting to see how the second most popular cryptocurrency can showcase its new and improved speed, scalability, and security features through a series of updates. The updates are aimed at addressing current scaling, mining and consensual protocol, and security issues include moving from proof-of-work to proof-of-stake, solutions like Beacon Chain, Casper FFG, Sharding, eWASM, Plasma, Raiden, and perhaps most anticipated, Serenity. Serenity is supposed to be an ‘all-in-one’ solution to fix the various problems highlighted by Ethereum 1.0. It combines most of the Ethereum upgrade ideas (Sharding, eWASM, Proof-of-Stake, etc.) together on a new parallel chain that would run alongside and be fully compatible with the existing chain. Breakdown of Ethereum 2.0 solutions Proof-of-Stake (PoS): Beacon and Casper are the 2 PoS solutions that aim to improve how new Ethereum coins are mined and how transactions are validated. In PoS, there is no mining which means there is no block reward; the block creators are called Forgers (instead of Miners as in PoW). They are only being incentivized with transaction fees. The Forgers of the next block are elected through a random procedure according to the Forger’s stake (amount of coins the Forger stakes) and age. Sharding is the process where the entire state of the network is split into a number of partitions called shards that contain their own independent piece of state and transaction history. This addresses issues of scalability and transaction speed and stops one app from slowing down the network. eWASM allows code to execute faster by expanding the coding options and capabilities for the Ethereum Virtual Machine. Plasma is an extra layer that sits on top of the network to handle massive amounts of transactions. It is basically Ethereum’s version of Bitcoin’s Lightning Network. Raiden, like Plasma, is categorized as an off-chain scaling solution, and therefore can also be compared to the Lightning Network. Rather than processing the transactions on the main blockchain, Raiden uses state channel technology to move transactions off-chain and open a separate payment channel. We can see that the Ethereum development community clearly has their work cut out for them to bring these upgrades to life. However, according to a recent report published by Matt Slipper and Dan Tsui of Kyokan (a blockchain-native software consultancy based in the bay area), things don’t seem to be running very smoothly behind the scenes. The main takeaways from the lengthy document are that: Ethereum 2.0 has no person in charge of orchestrating the rollout of the upgrades. Ethereum 2.0’s implementation has been stalled by the specification constantly changing, particularly over the past 6 months.  There is significant miscommunication on timeframes occurring between research people and the rest of the team. People working outside of R&D are out of the loop regarding when new features are ready to roll out. Implementers are concerned that perhaps there may be a funding shortage. The team is currently committed to working on Ethereum 2.0, but only as long as funding exists for development. If the funding dries up, then these teams may be forced to find other work. The rate of change in the specifications of features is only discouraging the implementation team more.  In response to the need for clarity, research has started to version segments of the specifications to show what is ready and what needs to be changed. It is now believed that Ethereum 2.0 won’t be transformational for smart contracts until cross-shard communication is live and phase 0,1, and 2 of the release are complete. The implications of this document are quite significant. A lot of pressure has been put on the Ethereum developer community over the years to achieve the kind of scalability that Bitcoin has failed to do so far. For Ethereum, achieving scalability is not just about making it easier to send and receive ETH, it’s about improving the speed in which the entire network operates so that it can handle huge traffic spikes that will inevitably occur as more Dapps get released on the Ethereum blockchain. It’s also about being able to securely scale smart contracts so that they can one day be used for more than just gambling applications, for instance, real-life financial transactions (such as loans or remittances). There does seem to be some useful recommendations to improve the situation, such as: Including “Product Context” In Public-Facing Media (Clearly communicating what will be delivered and when as well as how to prepare for the release of Ethereum 2.0) Provide clear avenues for continued funding Rigorously defining and enforcing a formal standards process Ultimately, the long-term viability of the entire Altcoin market may very well depend on Ethereum 2.0’s ability to succeed.  Decentralization has its clear benefits when it comes to increasing transparency and security of complex networks that transfer valuable data between members. However, when it comes to advancing the development of these complex networks, it seems that a more centralized project management approach is needed to ensure the kind of streamlined workflow and maximized productivity that will allow the best version of the Ethereum network to see the light of day. The post What is Ethereum 2.0? We Reveal its Unclear, Uncertain, Yet Promising Future appeared first on CryptoPotato.
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Ethereum Sharding Explained

Sharding is a proposed solution to Ethereum’s scalability problem. Sharding breaks a blockchain into several smaller chains called shards. When necessary, shards communicate with one another through the main chain.

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Cryptocurrency and Blockchain - Industry News (02.15.19 - 02.22.19)

Total Market Cap, as of 02.21.19 at 5:30pm (PST): $133,778,212,242 (+11.11% from last week) Missed last weeks update? Click here STORY OF THE WEEK •A developer in the community released Tippin.me, a Chrome and Firefox browser extension that enables Bitcoin (BTC) tipping on Twitter via the Lightning Network. CRYPTOCURRENCY EXCHANGES •Binance launches the test-net of its allegedly decentralized exchange, Binance DEX. Users can now manage their own private keys and the associated wallet. •Binance de-lists 5 projects – CloakCoin (CLOAK), Modum (MOD), Salt (SALT), Substratum (SUB) and Wings (WINGS). •Huobi.com lists 3 projects – Stellar Lumens (XLM), Monero (XMR) and Steem (STEEM). •Coinmama, a Slovakian based exchange suffers a security breach which leaked 450,000 user email and passwords. •KuCoin releases version 2.0 of its platform. The update introduces new interfaces across the web and mobile applications, additional 2FA options and order types for users. REGULATION •The U.S. state of Wyoming passed 3 bills that involve digital assets. Digital assets owned by consumers are now categorized as intangible personal property. Banks can now issue digital custodial services and issue securities in tokenized forms, provided they comply with accounting, control and other standards. •The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) settles unregistered securities charges against Gladius Network, whom have conducted an ICO near the end of 2017. There is no penalty as a result of self-reporting. •$430,000 USD worth of cryptocurrencies seized by Belgian law enforcement will be auctioned off on Feb.28 at 12:00pm GMT by Wilsons Auctions – the largest auction company in the UK and Ireland. •The Central Bank of Bahrain’s (CBB) is launching a regulatory sandbox for blockchain and crypto companies. This will allow firms to test solutions and expedite new companies entrance into the market. •2 Bitcoin ETF’s registered by financial firms VanEck/SolidX and Bitwise await approval from the U.S Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). This kicks off a 45 day countdown to an initial decision. TECHNOLOGY •Samsung’s flagship phone, the Galaxy S10 will introduce “Samsung Knox”, a hardware security feature to store private keys for blockchain applications. •Facebook’s CEO Mark Zuckerberg considers utilizing a blockchain to allow users to login to other sites without going through an intermediary on its existing “sign-in with Facebook” feature, dubbed Facebook Connect. INSTITUTIONALIZATION •Eurex, a derivatives exchange operated by German financial giant Deutsche Boerse is looking to launch futures contracts tied to digital assets such as Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH) and Ripple (XRP). •Latin America’s largest investment bank Banco BTG Pactual SA is releasing its own blockchain-based security token dubbed “ReitBZ”. The token’s value is backed by real estate assets within Brazil. PEOPLE •Ethereum loses Afri Schoedon, a core developer for the open-sourced project since 2015. •TrueDigital, a provider of institutional products for digital assets hires Thomas Kim – previously COO of Bridgewater Associates. Bridgewater is a U.S based asset management firm with currently $124.7 billion USD under management. •Digital Asset, a distributed ledger company for financial services loses head of business for Europe, Oliver Hugh-Jones. Key executives continue to depart from the firm. TWITTER •@jack – “I hooked [tippin.me] up and already got tipped some satoshi’s.” •@alecziupsnys – “Taxi reform didn't come from taxis, but from Uber. Hotel reform didn't come from hotels, but from AirBnB. Finance reform didn't come from banks, but from Bitcoin.“ •@cryptoshillnye – “We are either really early or really stupid. $crypto” •@jackdwagner – “If your boyfriend needs to be taken down a notch just start casually asking him how his bitcoin is doing.”
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Dogecoin / USD Technical Analysis: Failing To Capitalize

Dogecoin is neutral in the short-term after the recent rally in the pair failed to break above a former key swing-high DOGE / USD is bearish in the medium-term with price still trading below the neckline of a sizeable head and shoulders pattern Large amounts of bullish MACD divergence seen on the daily time frame Dogecoin / USD Short-term price analysis   In the short-term, Dogecoin is neutral due to the pair failing to move above a former key swing-high during its most recent upside rally. The cryptocurrency is starting to turn lower in the near-term, although price is still above the pair’s 200-period moving average on the four-hour time frame. Technical indicators on the mentioned time frame are turning lower with further scope to push the DOGE / USD even pair lower.     DOGE / USD H4 Chart                                                                         (Source: TradingView)     Pattern Watch The recent rally has created a bullish inverted head and shoulders pattern on the four-hour time frame, which should be monitored closely over the short-term.   MACD Indicator The MACD indicator is trending lower on the four-hour time frame with a bearish crossover underway.   Relative Strength Index The RSI indicator has turned bearish, with push bears taking control below the neutral line. Dogecoin / USD Medium-term price analysis   Dogecoin remains bearish over the medium-term, with buyers unable to move price above the neckline of a large head and shoulders pattern on the daily time frame. A long-term technical bottom has yet to be confirmed in the cryptocurrency, as price remains relatively close to the pair’s multi-year trading lows, despite the broader market rally. Interestingly, Dogecoin is showing bullish MACD divergence on the daily time frame from November of last year.     DOGE / USD Daily Chart                                                                         (Source: TradingView)     Pattern Watch The bearish head and shoulders pattern is the major theme to watch on the daily time frame.   MACD Indicator The MACD indicator remains neutral and is currently failing to generate a clear trading signal.   Relative Strength Index The Relative Strength Index has recently started to recover after an extended period of downward pressure. The indicator is showing that bullish momentum is growing across the daily time frame. Conclusion   Dogecoin is likely to remain under slight downside pressure over the short-term, while its medium-term outlook is decidedly bearish as buyers continually struggle to stage a rally above the neckline of the head and shoulder pattern. Some caution is advised in the medium-term, especially if the broader cryptocurrency market continues to trade higher, as Dogecoin shows a sizeable amount of bullish MACD price divergence that has yet to be reversed on the daily time frame.   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Dogecoin(DOGE) Price $0.0020 Market Cap$241,941,083.92 #ccpw-ticker-24522 .ccc-chart-header { background: #1c71ff} #ccpw-ticker-24522 #ccc-chart-block .exportBtnTop, #ccpw-ticker-24522 a.tabperiods.tabperiods_active, #ccpw-ticker-24522 .coin_details { color: #1c71ff; background: rgba(28,113,255,0.15); } #ccpw-ticker-24522 .coin_details { border: 1px solid rgba(28,113,255,0.16); } .ccpw-container_chart #ccpw-ticker-24522 .coin-container:after, .ccpw-container_four #ccpw-ticker-24522 .coin-container:after {border-color:#ccc !Important;} Join the conversation on Telegram and Twitter!   Decentral Media, Inc., the publisher of Crypto Briefing, is not an investment advisor and does not offer or provide investment advice or other financial advice. Nothing on this website constitutes, or should be relied on as, investment advice or financial advice of any kind. Specifically, none of the information on this website constitutes, or should be relied on as, a suggestion, offer, or other solicitation to engage in, or refrain from engaging in, any purchase, sale, or any other any investment-related activity with respect to any transaction. You should never make an investment decision on an investment based solely on the information on our website, and you should never interpret or otherwise rely on any of the information on this website as investment advice. We strongly recommend that you consult a licensed investment advisor or other qualified financial professional if you are seeking investment advice on an investment. The post Dogecoin / USD Technical Analysis: Failing To Capitalize appeared first on Crypto Briefing.
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Latin America’s Biggest Investment Bank Launches Security Token

Banks once refused to work with blockchain companies in Brazil. Now, BTG Pactual, Latin America’s largest standalone investment bank, is launching a security token of its own. A Wave of Change in Brazil There seems to be a wave of change happening in Brazil. Bitcoinist reported just a few days ago that Santander Bank was ordered by a Court to keep open Bitcoin Max’ checking account. Banks that were once hesitant to work with cryptocurrency exchanges are being forced to eat humble pie. That marked a small victory for the cryptocurrency space in this part of the world. And now, it seems that financial institutions here are realizing the worth of digital assets within their own portfolios. Banco BTG Pactual SA Is Leading the Way Brazil’s Banco BTG Pactual, the largest standalone investment bank in the region, has announced that it will be entering the cryptocurrency space with its own security token, the ReitBZ. With a plan to raise up to $15 million in its token sale, STO, initial offering, or whatever terminology you prefer, the bank will launch a security token backed by distressed real estate assets in Brazil. The ReitBZ token will use blockchain technology. And investors will be able to buy it using the Winklevoss twins’ Gemini Dollar or ETH. The token is indisputably a security token since investors will receive dividends periodically from the recovery of the distressed assets. Hold Up, What Are Distressed Assets? A distressed asset is one that is put on sale at a reduced price because its owner has been forced to sell it. This may be due to excessive debt, bankruptcy, or regulatory constraints. And it’s especially common when it comes to real estate, a market in which during times of financial crises, people often fail to make their mortgage payments. Distressed assets are an excellent opportunity to buy into a devalued asset and make gains as the market recovers. They’re not so awesome for the person forced to sell, of course, but this is capitalism, after all. The BTG distressed real estate assets will be managed by a BTG subsidiary called Enforce. The ReitBZ token will be available worldwide. With the notable exception of the U.S. (surprise, surprise), and Brazil. Wait, so investors around the world will be able to profit from the rising housing crisis in Brazil–but not the Brazilian people themselves? Right. How’s that for messed up? BTG, however, assures that once the regulatory landscape clears up in Brazil, the ReitBZ will be open to its country’s citizens and maybe even the United States as well. The Opportunity for High Yearly Returns According to the bank, investors can expect yearly returns from these assets between 15-20 percent. Moreover, BTG will be providing market-making services for its token to ensure that investors have sufficient liquidity to sell when they want to. CTO Gustavo Roxo told Bloomberg: BTG is deploying its own capital to provide liquidity because it really believes in the crypto business… We came up with this structure because we think investors in the digital world have a higher risk-taking appetite. By using a crypto asset, BTG can maximize returns from its distressed assets and allow investors to enter the market in a cheaper way. The initial sale period of ReitBZ will last for approximately 90 days and proceeds will be reinvested into the portfolio. Banks and Cryptocurrencies Starting to Gain Momentum The announcement comes off the back of the news last week that JPMorgan became the first U.S. bank to launch its own ‘cryptocurrency.’ With CEO Jamie Dimon well-known for ‘Bitcoin bashing’, JPMorgan introducing its own digital coin to accelerate payments was a shock to many in the industry. However, JPMorgan and BTG are not the only horses in this race. It seems that the banks haven’t been falling asleep at the wheel when it comes to cryptocurrency after all. Japanese Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group started working on plans for their own token back in 2016. And now Brazil has stepped up to the plate. BTG’s partner and initiative head of the ReitBZ Andre Portilho said: We knew we needed to dominate this technology, so we started experimenting with it a few years back… We thought Bitcoin and other currencies were turning too volatile, but we saw an opportunity with this token to try something new–but also with our skin in the game. The question now isn’t whether other banks will launch their own digital currencies, but rather which ones? Will more banks follow with their own virtual currency? Share your thoughts below! Images courtesy of Shutterstock The post Latin America’s Biggest Investment Bank Launches Security Token appeared first on Bitcoinist.com.
Bitcoinist

Korea Exchange Official: US Decision on Bitcoin ETF Will Set Tone for Local Crypto Market

Korea Exchange Official: US Decision on Bitcoin ETF Will Set Tone for Local Crypto Market An official at South Korea’s sole securities exchange operator, the Korea Exchange (KRX), says the bourse is closely eyeing developments from United States regulators in regard to Bitcoin (BTC) exchange-traded funds (ETFs). The official, reportedly speaking on condition of anonymity, […] Cet article Korea Exchange Official: US Decision on Bitcoin ETF Will Set Tone for Local Crypto Market est apparu en premier sur Bitcoin Central.
Bitcoin Central
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